Latin legal terms

Over 600 Latin legal terms and Latin law terms with English translations to explore. English of course is heavily indebted to Latin and many English words and phrases used today, still retain their original Latin form and meaning.
A fortiori. - With even stronger reason. (More conclusively; All the more so.)
A posteriori. - From what comes after. (Inductive reasoning.) (Legal: From effect to cause.)
A priori. - From what comes before. (Reasoning from cause to effect.)
Ab abusu ad usum non valet consequentia. - Consequences of abuse do not aply to general use.
Ab extra. - From without or from outside.
Ab initio. (ab init) - From the beginning.
Ab intra. - From within.
Ab origine. - From the source, from the first.
Absense haeres non erit. - An absent person will not be an heir.
Accedas ad curiam. - You may approach the court.
Accessorius sequitur. - One who is an accessory to the crime cannot be guilty of a more serious crime than the principal offender.
Actio ex delicto. - Cause of action. (Reason for lawsuit.)
Actus reus. - Guilty or Wrongful act.
Ad hoc. - For a particular purpose. (Improvised, impromptu, made up in an instant.)
Ad initio. - From the start.
Ad sectam. (ads) - At the suit of.
Ad valorem. (Ad val.) - According to the value.
Ademption. - Failure of a gift.
Aequitas sequitur legem. - Equity follows the law.
Alibi. - Elsewhere.
Alimenta. - Means of support. (Food, clothing, shelter.)
Aliunde. - From another source, from elsewhere.
Altercatio. - Forensic argumentation; cross-examination.
Ambigendi locus. - Room for doubt.
Amicus curiae. - Friend of the court. (Impartial spokesperson.)
Animus furandi. - The intention to steal.
Animus testandi. - The intention to make a will.
Au fait. - Acquainted with the facts; expert; proficient.
Audi alteram partem. - Hear the other side. (A principle of fairness.)
Autre vie. - The life of another.
Autrefois acquit. - Already acquitted.
Autrefois convict. - Already convicted.
Bancus Communium Placitorum. - Court of Common Pleas.
Bona fiscalia. - Public property.
Bona mobilia. - Moveable property.
Bona vacantia. - Vacant goods. Goods without an apparent owner.
Boni mores. - Good morals.
Cadit quaestio. - The question falls. (The issue collapses.)
Capias ad audiendum. - Writ ordering appearance in court.
Capias ad respondendum. - Writ ordering the arrest of a person.
Capias ad satisfaciendum. - Writ ordering satisfaction of an order.
Casus belli. - Act justifying war. (Grounds for a dispute.)
Causa causans. - Cause that causes all things; Immediate cause.
Causa causata. - Cause resulting from a previous cause.
Caveat emptor. - Let the buyer beware. (He buys at his own risk.)
Caveat venditor. - Let the seller beware.
Certiorari. - To be informed by an Appellate review court.
Ceteris paribus. - Other things being equal. (All else being equal.)
Charta pardonationis se defendendo. - The form of a pardon for killing another man in self-defense.
Charta pardonationis utlagariae. - The form of a pardon of a man who is outlawed.
Chartae libertatum. - Charters of liberties.
Communi consensu. - By common consent.
Compos mentis. - Of sound mind. (Judgement) (Legal: Sometimes used humorously.)
Consensu omnium. - By the agreement of all.
Consensu. - Unanimously or, by general consent.
Consensus ad idem. - Agreement as to the same things.
Consensus omnium. - Agreement of all members.
Contra bonos mores. - Contrary to good morals.
Contra ius commune. - Against common law.
Contra ius gentium. - Against the law of nations.
Contra legem. - Against the law.
Contra mores. - Contrary to morals.
Coram non iudice. - Before a judge without proper jurisdiction.
Corpus delicti. - The body of a crime. (The substance or fundamental facts of a crime.)
Corpus juris. - The body of the law. (Meaning a compendium of all laws.)
Cui bono. - To whom is it good. (Who benefits from this?) (A maxim sometimes used in the detection of crime.) (Cicero)
Curia advisari vult. - The court wishes to be advised.
Custos morum. - Guardian of morals; A censor.
Custos rotularum. - Guardian of the rolls; Justice of the peace.
De bonis asportatis. - Of the goods carried away.
De die in diem. - From day to day; continuously.
De facto. - Something that is automatically accepted.
De futuro. - In the future; Regarding the future.
De integro. - Repeat again from the start.
De iure. - By law. According to law. From the law. (Legal)
De lunatico inquiriendo. - A writ to inquire into the insanity of a person.
De minimis non curat lex. - The law does not concern itself with trifles.
De minimis. - Of minimum importance; Trifling.
De novo. - Anew, fresh, renewed, to begin again.
Delictum. - Offense.
Die ad diem. - From day to day.
Dies juridicus. - A day on which the court is in session.
Dies non juridicus. - A day on which the court is not in session.
Doli incapax. - Incapable of crime.
Dubitante. - Doubting the correctness of the decision.
Duces tecum. - You shall bring it with you. (Subpoena)
Ei incumbit probatio qui dicit non qui negat. - The proof lies upon the one who affirms, not the one who denies. (Burden of proof.)
Eiusdem generis. - Of the same kind.
Ergo post hoc. - In logic, the fallacy of thinking that a happening which follows another must be its result.
Et alia; et alii. (et al.) - And other things; and other people.
Et cetera. (etcetera) (etc.) - And the rest, and so forth.
Et sequentia. (et seq.) - And the following.
Et uxor. (et ux.) - And wife.
Ex cathedra. - From the chair, with authority. (Without argumentation.)
Ex concessis. - In view of what has already been accepted.
Ex curia. - From the court.
Ex delicto. - Matter arising out of the crime.
Ex dolo malo non oritur actio. - No right of action can have its origin in fraud.
Ex dolo malo. - From fraud; From harmful deceit.
Ex facie. - From the face of.
Ex facto jus oritur. - The law arises out of the fact.
Ex facto. - From the fact or act.
Ex gratia. - Out of kindness, voluntary. (In law, implying absence of legal right.)
Ex iniuria ius non oritur. - Right can not grow out of injustice.
Ex lege. - Arising from the law.
Ex mero motu. - Of his own free will.
Ex officio. - By virtue of his office.
Ex parte. - Proceeding brought by one person in the absence of another.
Ex post facto. - After the fact, or retrospectively.
Ex relatione. (ex rel.) - Upon being related; Upon information.
Exceptis excipiendis. - Excepting those (factors) which should be excepted.
Felo de se. - Evildoer upon himself. (Suicide)
Fiat justitia, ruat caelum. - Let justice be done, though the heavens fall.
Fieri facias. - Writ authorizing execution of a judgement.
Fons et origo. - The source and origin.
Force majeure. - Act of God.
Forum rei. - The court of the country in which the subject of an action is situated.
Functus officio. - Having discharged his duty and thus ceased to have any authority over a matter.
Habeas corpus. - You must have the body. (A legal writ to end unlawful restraint by bringing a prisoner into court.)
Id est. (i.e.) - That is to say.
In absentia. - In one's absence.
In actu. - In act; In the very act; In reality.
In banco. - On the bench.
In camera. - In secret or private session; Not in public.
In consimili casu. - In a like case.
In curia. - In court.
In delicto. - At fault.
In esse. - In existence.
In extenso. - At full length.
In extremis. - At the point of death.
In flagrante delicto. - In the very act of committing an offence. (Red-handed.)
In forma domestico. - In a domestic court.
In forma pauperis. - In the form of a poor person; in a humble or abject manner.
In foro. - In forum; In court.
In futoro. - In the future.
In haec verba. - In these words.
In limine. - On the threshold, at the very outset.
In loco. (in loc.) - In the place.
In loco citato. (in loc. cit., loc. cit.) - In the place cited.
In loco parentis. - In the place of a parent.
In omnibus. - In every respect.
In personam. - Directed towards a particular person.
In pleno. - In full.
In Propria Persona. - For one's self; Acting on one's own behalf.
In re. - In the matter of, refering to.
In rem. - Against or about a thing. (Property)
In situ. - In position, in its original place.
In terrorem clause. - In fear.
In terrorem. - As a warning or deterrent.
In totidem verbis. - In so many words.
Iniuvra. - Injury to personal dignity.
Inter alia. - Amongst other things.
Inter alios. - Amongst other people.
Inter se. - Between or among themselves.
Inter vivos. - Between living persons.
Intra vires. - Within the authority, lit., the strengths or powers.
Ipse dixit. - He himself said it. (Cicero)
Ipsissima verba. - The very words themselves. (Strictly word for word.)
Ipsissimis verbis. - In the exact or identical words.
Ipso facto. - By that very fact.
Ipso iure. - By operation of the law.
Jus naturale. - Natural justice.
Lese majeste. - High treason.
Lex fori. - The law of the court in which an action is tried.
Lex lata. - The law as it exists.
Lex loci. - The law of the place.
Lex non scripta. - The unwritten (common) law.
Lex scripta. - The written law.
Lex talionis. - The law of retaliation. (Retributive justice, an eye for an eye.)
Lis pendens. - An action pending.
Locum tenens. - A deputy.
Locus in quo. - The place in which something happens.
Locus standi. - Place of standing; the right to be heard in a court.
Mala fide. - In bad faith. (Something which is done fraudulently.)
Malum in se. - Wrong in itself. (A crime that is inherently wrong.)
Mens rea. - The wrongful intention or guilty mind.
Motu proprio. - Of one's own initiative.
Mutatis mutandis. - With those things changed which needed to be changed. (With the appropriate changes.)
Ne bis in idem. - Not twice the same. (Canones apostulorum; A person cannot be sentenced twice for the same crime.)
Nemo dat quod non habet. - One may not transfer what one does not have.
Nisi prius. - Unless first, unless previously.
Nolle prosequi. - To be unwilling to prosecute.
Nolo contendere. - I do not wish to contend. (No contest.)
Non compos mentis. - Not in possession of one's senses.
Non constat. - It is not certain.
Non est factum. - It is not his deed.
Non sequitur. (non seq.) - It does not follow. (A statement that is the result of faulty logic.)
Nunc pro tunc. - Now for then. (Has retroactive effect, effective from an earlier date.)
Obiter dictum. (pl. dicta) - Something said in passing; Parenthetical remark.
Onus probandi. - The burden of proof.
Opere citato. (op. cit.) - In the work (cited) just quoted.
Par delictum. - Equal fault.
Pari passu. - With equal step, moving together, simultaneously.
Passim. (adv.) - Here and there; indiscriminately.
Pendente lite. - While a suit is pending.
Per contra. - On the contrary.
Per curiam. - Through the senate; By the court.
Per incuriam. - Through want of care.
Per minas. - By means of menaces or threats.
Per quod. - By reason of which.
Persona non grata. - An unacceptable person.
Prima facie. - On the face of it; At first sight. (An obvious case that requires no further proof.)
Prima impressionis. - On first impression.
Pro bono. (publico) - For the (public) good. (Said of a lawyer's work that is not charged for.)
Pro forma. - For form; As a matter of form; Performed in a set manner.
Pro hac vice. - For this occasion only.
Pro rata. - For the rate; Proportionately.
Pro tanto. - For so much. (Partially fulfilled.)
Pro tempore. (pro tem.) - For the time. (For the time being.)
Publici juris. - Of public right.
Quaeitur. - The question is raised.
Quaere. - Consider whether it is correct.
Quantum meruit. - As much as he/she deserved.
Quantum. - How much; as much as.
Qui tam. - Who as well. (Whistle blower.)
Quid pro quo. - Something for something. (A favor for a favor.)
Ratio decidendi. - Reasoning for the decision.
Re. - In the matter of.
Rebus sic stantibus. - With matters standing thus.
Reductio ad absurdum. - Reduction to the absurd. (Proving the truth of a proposition by proving the falsity of all its alternatives.)
Res furtivae. - Stolen goods.
Res gestae. - Things done.
Res ipsa loquitur. - The thing speaks for itself.
Res judicata. - Judged thing. (Matter which has been decided by a court.)
Res nullius. - Nobody's thing. (Goods without an owner.)
Res perit domino. - The risk of loss is on the owner.
Res sic stantibus. - Things remain the same.
Res. - Matter, affair, thing, circumstance.
Sciens. - Knowingly.
Scienter. - Having knowledge.
Secus. - The legal position is different, it is otherwise.
Semble. - It appears, seemingly.
Sine qua non. - Without which it could not be; an indispensable action or condition.
Stare decisis. - To stand by things decided. (Uphold previous rulings, recognize precedence.)
Status quo. - The current state of being.
Stet. - Let it stand.
Sub judice. (alt. iudice) - Under a judge; Before a court; Under consideration.
Sub modo. - Within limits.
Sub nomine. - Under the name of.
Sub Poena. (alt. subpoena) - Under penalty of Law. (A writ issued by a court requiring one's attendance at that court.)
Sub poena duces tecum. - Bring with you under penalty. (Legal writ requiring appearance with documents.)
Sub rosa. - Under the rose. (Secretly or in confidence)
Sub secreto. - In secret.
Sub silentio. - In silence.
Suggestio falsi. - The suggestion of something which is untrue.
Sui generis. - Of its own kind. (In a class of its own.)
Sui iuris. (sui juris) - Of one's own right.
Suppressio veri. - The suppression of the truth.
Talis qualis. - Just as such; Such as it is; As such.
Terminus a quo. - The end from which; starting point.
Terminus ad quem. - Limit until which; finish.
Tertium quid. - A third something.
Tour de force. - A feat of strength; a skillful accomplishment.
Uberrima fides. - Good faith; Most abundant faith.
Uberrimae fidei. - Of the utmost good faith.
Ubi jus ibi remedium. - Where (there is) a right, there (is) a remedy.
Ubi supra. - Where (cited) above.
Ultra vires. - Beyond powers; Without authority.
Uno flatu. - At the same moment; With one breath.
Verbatim. - Word by word, exactly.
Vexata quaestio. - A disputed question.
Vi et armis. - By force and arms.
Via media. - A middle way or course.
Vice versa. - With the order or meaning reversed.
Vis compulsiva. - Compulsive force.
Vis maior. - Irresistible force; act of God.
Volens. - Willing.
Volenti non fit iniuria. - A person who consents, does not suffer injustice.
Volte face. - A change of front; an about-turn.